These drugs are synthetic forms of marijuana or methamphetamine and go by various names. Vampire Blood and Molly’s Plant Food are among the most popular brands sold in Tennessee convenience stores. (File photo)
Dylan Evans seems like an average college kid, one whose parents made sure to be involved in their son’s life and worked hard to give him the chance for a quality college education.
As a high school honors student, he strived for a high ACT score and worked to save money over the summer so that he could have his own apartment when he enrolled in college.
His mother, Brooke Wyant, a teacher at Riverdale High School, made sure to teach her children the value of education. She instilled in Dylan a work ethic that propelled him to win an MTSU academic scholarship.
But this average kid with an above-average work ethic displayed extraordinary bravery when he spoke candidly about his devastating synthetic drug addiction at a recent meeting of TN-0, a task force composed of law enforcement officials and community leaders.
Upon enrolling in his first semester at MTSU, Dylan said he soon began to experiment with legal products sold at convenience markets and tobacco shops throughout Murfreesboro, adding that “it seemed safe because it was legal.”
He soon spent all of the money he had saved on the legal drugs, pawned valuables he stole from his mother’s home to support his addiction, and charged thousands of dollars to his mother’s credit card.
“The charges on my bill looked just like normal charges at a gas station because they could be bought at any convenience store,” Wyant said.
“One time, the store clerk even traded me drugs for my mom’s GPS,” Dylan said. “I ended up in rehab with meth addicts.”
Needless to say, Dylan soon dropped out of school and lost his scholarship.
He later overdosed and attempted suicide in the hospital.
“A college career down the drain, a life ruined because of something that could be bought at a convenience store with my debit card,” Brooke said.
At the meeting, officials from the Rutherford County Sheriff’s Office showed video of users’ behavior while under the influence of the drug, including images of a young man unable to give his name to officers while laughing, crying and screaming uncontrollably.
Dylan’s drug of choice was Molly’s Plant Food, one of a number of legal products known by many names sold for anything but their stated use.
The drugs are synthetic forms of marijuana or methamphetamine, and go by several names such as bath salts, Vampire Blood, incense, glass cleaner and spice.
The names and the chemical compounds they contain are constantly changing, making the criminalization of their sale or use particularly challenging to lawmakers and law enforcement alike.
They can be smoked, snorted or injected.
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency recently deemed methcathinones, a group of compounds which form the basis of the designer drugs, an “emergency threat, which temporarily criminalize their sale or use as Schedule I controlled substances.”
But the measure is only temporary and other legal compounds, which are responsible for widespread addiction, cannot currently be criminalized because they are also used in the pharmaceutical industry, frustrating law enforcement officials.
“There’s not a lot we can do,” said Nashville-based DEA Agent Mike Stanfill. “We found a lab run by Mexicans that we thought was for meth and ended up being used for production of these compounds, but all we could do was learn as much as we could and confiscate the contents.”
Stanfill added that calls to poison control centers in Tennessee rose from 303 in 2010 to 4720 calls in 2011, with the vast majority of cases related to synthetic drug use.
“I’ve found this stuff in kids’ cars at Eagleville School, but can’t do anything about it,” said School Resource Officer Rick Wooten. “Its hard to do anything about something that’s not illegal.”
For their part, the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation and area law enforcement agencies, including the Sheriff’s Office and the Murfreesboro Police Department, did what they could in early September to get as much of the drugs as possible out of area convenience stores by raiding numerous establishments and charging the owners with possession of paraphernalia and intent to resell.
The TBI conducted the raid at the request of Rutherford County District Attorney Bill Whitesell in conjunction with the Law Enforcement and Special Prosecutions Division of the Tennessee Attorney General’s office, but Sheriff Robert Arnold noted the confiscated drugs were only a “drop in the bucket of what’s out there.”
“What we confiscated can easily be manufactured today and be back on the shelves tomorrow,” he said.
Arnold and state Rep. Mike Sparks (R-Smyrna) are pushing state and federal officials to completely outlaw the drugs and make their use or sale a felony.
Sparks is sponsoring legislation in this year’s session of the Tennessee General Assembly to do just that, and he feels the owners of stores who sell the products should have their licenses to sell beer or tobacco revoked.
“These store owners are mostly Middle Easterners, Pakistanis and East Indians – foreigners who don’t even live here but are making millions of dollars by poisoning our children,” he said. “The least we can do is remove the premise that it is safe because it is readily available at certain convenience stores.”
In the meantime, Sparks and former detective Kathy Hines created the TN-0 task force in order to help educate the community about the dangers of legal synthetic drugs and to push state and federal officials to outlaw their sale.
“The work of this task force and task forces like it across the nation must continue after these drugs are outlawed,” Stanfill said. “As soon as they can no longer be made in the United States, we fully expect their manufacture to move across the border and be shipped in from Mexico. … It will all move to the underground market like any other drug.”
Members of the task force include state and local law enforcement officials, community members, elected officials and members of Rutherford County’s legal community.
Speakers at the Jan. 6 meeting repeatedly stressed the importance of educating children and parents, no matter how high their academic achievement or social status.
“I don’t care who you are, it can happen to you and your child,” Hines said.
If Dylan’s brave testimonial is any indication, Hines’ emphatic statement is certainly no exaggeration.